Culminating at an altitude of 2642 mts, the Col du Galibier connects St Michel de Maurienne and Briançon via the Col du Télégraphe (north) and the col du Lautaret (south). Halfway through, Valloire is an essential stage!
It seems that it has been used for years since prehistory, first by the army, then by travellers.
The Galibier road was built from 1879 and was completed by the opening of the tunnel in 1891. Prior to 1976, the tunnel was the only crossing point at an altitude of 2556 mts. Because of its poor condition, the tunnel was closed in 1976 and reopened in the summer of 2002.
The first Tour de France run through the Galibier on July 10th, 1911. From this date the Tour de France has known some of its most famous stages in this mountain pass.
From the top, a beautiful scenery awaits the visitor ; within a short walking distance a viewpoint allows to admire and identify the surrounding peaks : Meije , Grand Galibier and even the Mont Blanc!
The road is closed from late October to late May.
The Galibier pass climb from Valloire:
Departure: 1430 m - Arrival: 2642 m
Length: 17 km - Elevation in level: 1212 m
Average %: 7.2% - maximum %: 12%